Dr Krishnakumar Thankappan
Background: Hand transplantation and advances in the field of prostheses have opened new frontiers in the restoration of hand function among bilateral hand amputees (BHA). There is only scarce literature evaluating the health utility (HU) and quality adjusted life years (QALY) gained by bilateral hand composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) or prosthesis over amputation. The study was focused on BHA restored with prosthesis or CTA.
Methods: The HU of three different health states (HS) namely, BHA, using prosthesis or with CTA and net QALYs gained by hand transplantation or prosthesis over amputation were computed by time trade-off (TTO) method among 236 study participants.
Results: Among 236 study participants, medical professional (120), general public (89), BHA (23), and bilateral hand transplant recipients (4) were included. The mean HU by TTO method among the study participants (n = 232) as BHA, using prosthesis or CTA was 0.34 (±0.24), 0.50 (±0.26) and 0.69 (±0.26) respectively. Bilateral hand CTA imparted an expected gain of 12.57 (±11.43) mean QALYs over amputation among the study participants. The subgroup analysis displayed higher mean HU in hand CTA recipient HS along with maximum QALY gained by CTA over amputation.
Conclusions: Bilateral hand CTA HS stands above the other 2 HSs, namely BHA and prosthesis, in terms of the health utility. As demonstrated by QALY gain of 12.57, participants' valuation of health utility is notably higher for CTA with acceptance of lifelong immunosuppressant rather than for a state of uncompromised physical health with a bilateral hand amputation.
Amrita institute of Medical Sciences, amrita University, Kochi