What is it about?

Ammonia is commonly used in rubber industry. Exposure to high doses of ammonia gas can result in lethal injuries to humans. This case series presents five fatalities and one injured individual, caused by acute ammonia exposure, which occurred in the rubber industry.

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Why is it important?

In this case series, autopsy, scene investigation, and the toxicological findings of the deceased and the clinical forensic examination of the survivor revealed corrosive burns on the skin and the oropharynx, diffuse alveolar damage, and high level of ammonia in blood and the scene. These cases highlight how the comprehensive death investigation helps the forensic practitioner to conclude ammonia exposure as the cause of death/injury where there is a possibility of gas inhalation.

Perspectives

This study highlights how the comprehensive death investigation helps to conclude ammonia exposure as the cause of death/injury where there is a possibility of gas inhalation.

Dr. Kasun Bandara Ekanayake
University of Peradeniya

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This page is a summary of: Ammonia Exposure, American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology, May 2021, Wolters Kluwer Health, DOI: 10.1097/paf.0000000000000690.
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