What is it about?

The dominant depiction of undeclared work as exploitative low-paid employment has been contested by several locality studies which portray undeclared work to be mainly paid favours conducted voluntarily for close social relations to help them out.

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Why is it important?

Reporting data from 28 European countries to evaluate its wider validity, the finding is that most undeclared work is composed of paid favours and conducted voluntarily, especially in Western Europe and Nordic nations.


The outcome is a call to shift away from seeking its eradication and for recognition that such work is predominantly a form of active citizenship that needs to be fostered.

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Reconceptualising undeclared work as paid favours: implications for community economic development, Community Development Journal, April 2017, Oxford University Press (OUP), DOI: 10.1093/cdj/bsx016.
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