What is it about?

Analysing a 2013 survey of the informal economy in six South-East European nations, this paper reveals how such tax non-compliance arises when the codified laws and regulations of a society’s formal institutions are not aligned with the norms, values and beliefs of citizens (its informal institutions).

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Why is it important?

Tackling the informal economy is therefore shown to require a re-aligning of a society’s formal and informal institutions. This necessitates not only changing citizens’ norms, values and beliefs using for example tax education campaigns, but also changing the formal institutions to improve trust in government.


This paper outlines a new way of tackling the informal economy in Southeast Europe

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

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This page is a summary of: Tackling the informal economy in Southeast Europe: an institutional approach, Journal of Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, July 2015, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/14683857.2015.1056980.
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