What is it about?

This paper proposes that the prevalence of illegitimate wage practices in Southern European societies results from the discord between the formal rules (formal institutions) and the socially shared unwritten rules that reflect citizens’ beliefs (informal institutions).

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Why is it important?

To evaluate this, a 2013 survey is reported on whether employers in five Southern European countries fraudulently evade tax and social security payments by paying employees a portion of their salary off-the-books. A strong association is revealed between the extent of wage under-reporting and the degree of institutional asymmetry across these societies.


This paper reveals the importance of changing employers' attitudes towards paying their taxes

Professor Colin C Williams
University of Sheffield

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Explaining the Prevalence of Illegitimate Wage Practices in Southern Europe: An Institutional Analysis, South European Society & Politics, March 2015, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/13608746.2015.1013518.
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