What is it about?

It discusses the failure of the Duterte administration's policy on China.

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Why is it important?

It examines foreign policy adjustments.


It explores the risks and danger of appeasing an emergent power like China.

Distinguished University Professor Renato Cruz De Castro
De La Salle University Manila

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This page is a summary of: Abstract of from appeasement to soft balancing: the duterte administration’s shifting policy on the South China Sea imbroglio, Asian Affairs An American Review, September 2020, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/00927678.2020.1818910.
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