What is it about?

This paper examines the adoption of a multiethnic liberal-democratic model of governance in post-independence Kosovo and the dual task of state-building to secure unity and manage diversity. This article explains why Kosovo's domestic sovereignty and legitimisation have become conditioned by the integration, accommodation, and protection of its minorities.. Overall, this article shows that multiethnic state formation n Kosovo has been crucially transformed and “limited” by local idiosyncrasies.

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Why is it important?

Analysis of post-independence Kosovo reveals the legislation-implementation gap and the unintended consequences arising under the impact of local factors. Moreover, it challenges and complements the literature on liberal peacebuilding by highlighting the importance of internal social, political, economic, cultural, demographic and geographic conditions and actors.


My research thus contributes to the necessity of a continuing re-evaluation of the universal model of liberal nation-states and its inconsistent and poor application to contemporary process of state-formation. It also shows the perennial double standards of exporting models of governance by the international community and its incapacity to relate in a complex and sustainable way to local realities and needs.

Dr. Marius Ionut Calu
Regent's University London

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This page is a summary of: Unintended consequences of state-building and the management of diversity in post-conflict Kosovo, Nationalities Papers, September 2017, Taylor & Francis, DOI: 10.1080/00905992.2017.1350152.
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