National pro-poor spending programmes and their effect on income inequality and poverty: Evidence from Vietnam

  • Phuc Van Phan, Martin O’brien, Silvia Mendolia, Alfredo Paloyo
  • Applied Economics, April 2017, Taylor & Francis
  • DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2017.1313957

Inequality and Poverty in Vietnam

What is it about?

Poverty and inequality need to be scrutinised simultaneously in the same context as modern development economics show that inequality shall be detrimental to poverty in some ways. We find that, in the case of Vietnam, the national programs for poverty alleviation seem less effective, but they increase in inequality within provinces.

Why is it important?

Our findings raise a warning that governments who target to help the poor escape from poverty need to assess the causal effects of the pro-poor programs carefully, then improve their programs by making them more transparent, simplifying the process of implementation, guaranteeing that money needs to reach the poor rather than the more wealthier people.


Phuc Phan

It is good to see how a government can cope with one of the most persistent problems - poverty and inequality, especially in developing countries. This paper endeavours to explain why sometimes many intended poverty programs didn't go in the same direction in a particular case.

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The following have contributed to this page: Phuc Phan and Phuc Phan