What is it about?

Projection operators arise naturally as one-particle density operators associated to Slater determinants in fields such as quantum mechanics and the study of determinantal processes. In the context of the semiclassical approximation of quantum mechanics, projection operators can be seen as the analogue of characteristic functions of subsets of the phase space, which are discontinuous functions. We prove that projection operators indeed converge to characteristic functions of the phase space and that they exhibit the same maximal regularity as characteristic functions. This can be interpreted as a semiclassical asymptotic on the size of commutators in Schatten norms.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

Our study answers a question raised in [J. Chong, L. Lafleche, C. Saffirio, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (to appear) (2024), arXiv:2103.10946] about the possibility of having projection operators as initial data. It also gives a strong convergence result in Sobolev spaces for the Weyl law in phase space.


Getting quantitative rates of convergence and more singular potentials or non-linear potentials remains an important mathematical and physical question.

Laurent Lafleche
Ecole normale superieure de Lyon

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Optimal semiclassical regularity of projection operators and strong Weyl law, Journal of Mathematical Physics, May 2024, American Institute of Physics,
DOI: 10.1063/5.0191089.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page