What is it about?
We are standing at the precipice of the next industrial revolution fuelled by the Internet of things (IOT), artificial intelligence, and 5G technology. Realisation of this future demands wireless smart sensor networks spread across different geographical locations, with sturdy power devices that require minimum-to-no maintenance and can support the vast amounts of energy needed for data processing. These needs have popularised self-charging power systems (SCPSs)—energy storage devices that can double as energy harvesters. Among the many harvesting techniques employed by SCPSs, the ones that stand out due to their functionality are piezoelectric nanogenerators and triboelectric nanogenerators. These nanogenerators harness mechanical energy via Maxwell displacement current—a current that is generated by inducing charge changes in an electric field. The authors of this study dive deep into the world of nanogenerator-based SCPSs to explore all the budding technologies, prospects and challenges. They review in detail the three vital components of an SCPS—the energy-harvesting nanogenerator, the rechargeable energy storage device and the power management circuit—further highlighting how the output, storage and utilization efficiencies of nanogenerator-based SCPSs can be improved to make their application more widespread and multi-functional.
Photo by Nicholas Doherty on Unsplash
Why is it important?
Due to their mechanical-energy based harvesting capability, nanogenerator based SCPSs are both, environmental-friendly, as well as reliable, unlike weather or climate-dependant sources of sustainable energy, like wind and solar power. Moreover, they can potentially eliminate our dependence on traditional power grids for electricity, and could be integrated into existing power management circuits. KEY TAKEAWAY: Self-charging power systems are devices that can both store and harvest energy. They do this by extracting the electricity from particles pushing against each other inside an object, or by capturing static electricity from friction between two objects. This is a really active and exciting area of research.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Self-charging power system for distributed energy: beyond the energy storage unit, Chemical Science, January 2021, Royal Society of Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/d0sc05145d.
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