What is it about?

Nanocrystalline Gd3+-doped Co–Mg ferrite nanoparticles with the chemical formula Co0.7Mg0.3Fe(2−x)GdxO4 (x = 0.02) were prepared by coprecipitation for the first time. The properties of the nanoparticles were investigated by X-ray diffraction, confirming a single-phase, highly crystalline cubic spinel structure in the space group Fd[3 with combining macron]m and an average crystallite size of 54 nm. The Fourier-transform infrared spectrum showed two fundamental absorption bands in the wavenumber range of 437–748 cm−1 attributed to the stretching vibration of tetrahedral and octahedral sites in the spinel structure. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed that the nanoparticles are different in shape and slightly agglomerated. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy demonstrated the purity of the nano-ferrite powder. Magnetic measurements revealed ferrimagnetic behavior at room and low temperatures with high coercivity and a high saturation magnetization of 95.68 emu g−1, larger than that of pure bulk cobalt ferrite (80.8 emu g−1). Only ferrite cobalt synthesized sonochemically has been reported to have a higher saturation magnetization (92.5 emu g−1).

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Why is it important?

The objective of this work was to determine the effects of doping with Gd3+ on the structural, magnetic, and morphological properties of Co0.7Mg0.3Fe(2−x)GdxO4 (x = 0.02) nanoparticles prepared via coprecipitation. To the best of our knowledge, no similar work has been reported to date.

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This page is a summary of: Magnetic and structural properties of single-phase Gd3+-substituted Co–Mg ferrite nanoparticles, RSC Advances, January 2020, Royal Society of Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/d0ra01841d.
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