What is it about?

Ten interviews to pairs of victims of the Rwandan genocide and their aggressors who had participated in a reconciliation-oriented psychosocial intervention.

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Why is it important?

Some of the relevant elements of the forgiveness process were truth and listening to each other, overcoming the initial emotional reactions of fear or anger through empathy and altruism, committing to the process, and holding into forgiveness experienced.


The results show that the presence of forgiveness elements is especially relevant for reconciliation. For some respondents, this reconciliation-oriented intervention has become a turning point and allowed them to leave behind the hatred and pain.

Ángela Ordóñez-Carabaño
Universidad Pontificia Comillas

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This page is a summary of: Reconciling the irreconcilable: The role of forgiveness after the Rwandan genocide., Peace and Conflict Journal of Peace Psychology, November 2019, American Psychological Association (APA), DOI: 10.1037/pac0000432.
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