What is it about?

The current paper examines variations in how employees simultaneously experience the perceptual (cognitive) and emotional (affective) components of job insecurity. Our results suggest that employees vary in how these components of job insecurity are simultaneously experienced, and further, economic job dependence factors (e.g., perceived employability, socioeconomic status) were shown to be related to specific job insecurity experiences (e.g., low perceived threats to job security, yet still exceedingly worrying about job security). Furthermore, our results highlight the detrimental well-being effects of specific job insecurity experiences (e.g., low perceived threats, high worry).

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Why is it important?

The current study utilizes a person-centered approach to uncover specific experiences of cognitive and affective job insecurity. This approach helps to complement the traditional variable-centered literature on job insecurity by uncovering job insecurity experiences (e.g., low cognitive, high affective job insecurity) that may have not been observable through variable-centered approaches. This unique profile is in line with theorizing on future-oriented cognition, and was shown to be related to detrimental well-being outcomes. As such our study highlights the continued need to examine job insecurity through a future-oriented lens to better understand how job insecurity may uniquely vary across individuals, and the effects of these unique experiences.


I believe this paper uniquely adds to the ongoing dialogue regarding job insecurity and the need to integrate other bodies of literature (e.g., future-oriented cognition) that helps to better understand the job insecurity phenomenon. Furthermore, it is my hope that the value add shown in this paper by using a person-centered approach helps spur increased research using these techniques to better understand various job insecurity experiences, factors that give rise to certain experiences, and how specific job insecurity experiences relate to outcomes of interest.

Anthony Naranjo
University of Central Florida

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: When minor insecurities project large shadows: A profile analysis of cognitive and affective job insecurity., Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, October 2021, American Psychological Association (APA), DOI: 10.1037/ocp0000294.
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