What is it about?

We interviewed 16 trans and nonbinary (TNB) graduate students in counseling psychology programs to learn more about their experiences. We found that TNB students experience several challenges at a structural, interpersonal, and intrapersonal level. TNB students recommended changing policies and structures to be more gender inclusive, incorporating TNB training and TNB topics into course curriculum, and that being proactive and non-defensive are important ways to support TNB students. Results provide clear recommendations for how counseling psychology programs can promote the success and wellbeing of TNB students.

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Why is it important?

More TNB graduate students are entering counseling psychology (CP) programs, yet CP programs are not well prepared to support them. There is a lack of TNB representation in the field of psychology broadly and therefore it's important to retain and support TNB graduate students.


This project came together based on Dr. Anneliese Singh's call to increase TNB representation in counseling psychology. The first three authors are or were TNB graduate students in CP programs. I'm very excited about the potential implications of this research in creating positive changes within CP programs.

Em Matsuno
Arizona State University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: “There’s no real roadmap that I know of”: Experiences of transgender and nonbinary graduate students in counseling psychology programs., Journal of Counseling Psychology, November 2022, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/cou0000647.
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