What is it about?

For racial/ethnic minorities experiences associated with racial 'pride and prejudice' have implications for intra-group and inter-group closeness, institutional belonging, and in turn academic achievement (graduation rates, grades) and well-being (e.g., depression, self-rated health).

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Why is it important?

Individuals and institutions are invested in mitigating social disparities, institutional belonging is a critical intervention point as it is associated with an array of psychological, achievement and well-being outcomes. The research studies and integrative literature review highlight theory-driven reasons for interventions to consider promoting pride while also reducing prejudice.


This article uses qualitative and quantitative methods as well as draws from insights tied to several psychological disciplines and even perspectives outside of psychology such as poetry and sociology to advance understandings of racial pride and prejudice. In so doing, it strategically centers the lived experiences of social groups that have historically been excluded from mainstream institutions.

Tiffany Brannon
University of California, Los Angeles

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: “Pride and prejudice” pathways to belonging: Implications for inclusive diversity practices within mainstream institutions., American Psychologist, April 2021, American Psychological Association (APA),
DOI: 10.1037/amp0000643.
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