Molecular motion in nanochannels
What is it about?
Materials with outstanding optical properties can be fabricated by using porous matrices with channel diameters of nanometer-size, such as zeolite L. Its one-dimensional (1D) channels can act as ordering nanocontainers for photoactive species, leading to applications in key technological areas, such as solar energy harvesting, information processing and bionanomedicine. However, the orientation of the encapsulated dye molecules, which greatly influences the functionality of the resulting material, is very difficult to determine experimentally. By computer simulations, here we unravel the orientation of the oxonine dye, reveal that it is determined by water and explain the observed optical properties on the basis of the dynamic behavior of the dye.
Why is it important?
This work solves a long-standing problem on an important class of optical nanomaterials, provides the knowledge bases for improving their functionality and uncovers a novel, surprising type of molecular motion: squid-like diffusion (see movie in the external resources). The squidlike motion sketched in movie 1 indicates that molecular flexibility strongly affects the dye orientation. This process should be much slower in presence of water molecules (movie 2), suggesting that the motion and organization of the confined dye molecules are ultimately determined by the solvent.
The following have contributed to this page: Gloria Tabacchi