What is it about?

An exploration of Dynamic Systems Theory as an appropriate framework for the study of the Online Informal Learning of English (OILE).

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Why is it important?

This article examines the parameters of Dynamic Systems Theory one by one and demonstrates why it is a particularly apt framework for understanding the Online Informal Learning of English (OILE).


This was a fundamental article in establishing the field of the Online Informal Learning of English (OILE). It provoked a thoughtful reaction from David Little (2015, Apliut), further to which I tackled the question again in a 2017 publication with Laurent Perrot. I don't think this is the final word on this debate.

Dr Denyze Toffoli
Universite Toulouse III Paul Sabatier

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This page is a summary of: Beyond learner autonomy: a dynamic systems view of the informal learning of English in virtual online communities, ReCALL, April 2012, Cambridge University Press,
DOI: 10.1017/s0958344012000031.
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