Environmental conditions of the Suape estuarine-port complex area (Pernambuco, Brazil): phytoplankton biomass and hydrological parameters

  • Isis Amália Cordeiro, Fernando Antônio Do Nascimento Feitosa, Manuel De Jesus Flores Montes, Amanda Yumi Otsuka, Alex Costa Silva
  • Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, April 2018, Cambridge University Press
  • DOI: 10.1017/s0025315418000176

Environmental conditions of the Suape estuarine-port complex area

Why is it important?

The Suape coastal zone has suffered since the 1980s the effects of anthropogenic action due to the construction of the industrial complex of Suape. This work aimed to evaluate the environmental conditions and possible eutrophication processes of the area. Six campaigns were carried out, three in the dry season (November 2015, January and April 2016) and three in the rainy season (July 2015, July and August 2016). Water samples were collected at the surface during low tide and high tide, in neap tides. Salinity ranged from 19.75 to 37.20, the dissolved oxygen rate ranged from 61.75 to 125.90% and chlorophyll-a from 0.02 to 3.48 mg m−3. Water transparency, temperature, nitrate and silicate presented significant seasonal variation, the concentrations of nutrients being higher in the rainy season and the others in the dry season. Water transparency, salinity, dissolved oxygen saturation and chl-a <20 µm showed significant differences for tide, being higher at high tide, and at low tide for chl-a of <20 µm. The low content of dissolved inorganic nutrient salts and chl-a were indicative of an area still free of eutrophication. Anthropogenic changes in the environment have led to greater marine interference and consequently to a reduction of the productive capacity of the system.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0025315418000176

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