What is it about?

This research looks at the gender wage gaps in Egypt's public and private sectors from 1998 to 2018. It analyzes how educational levels, regional distribution, and sector differences impact the earnings of men and women. The study also explores the factors contributing to persistent wage disparities between genders. Over the 20-year period studied, men in Egypt's public sector generally earned less compared to male workers in the private sector. Women tended to earn more in the public sector than in the private sector. There could be many reasons why men tend to earn less in the public sector; it could be because they receive benefits like job security and better pension plans instead of higher wages. The apparent finding that women get paid more in the public sector could be because they face pay discrimination in private companies. Pay differences are also affected by employees' experience, skills, and where they work. For example, new workers may earn less than those with more experience. Skilled workers may face pay cuts in the public sector, with men experiencing this more than women. It's harder for the public sector to attract and keep top-quality workers, which can affect how well public services are provided.

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Why is it important?

Understanding gender wage disparities is crucial for promoting gender equality and economic empowerment. By examining the wage gaps in different sectors and regions, this research sheds light on the challenges faced by women in the workforce. It also highlights the need for policies that address gender-based wage discrimination and promote equal opportunities for all. Key takeaway: The study reveals that while women with higher education levels are more prevalent in the private sector, there is a persistent wage penalty for males in the public sector and a wage premium for females. This underscores the importance of addressing gender wage disparities and promoting equal pay for equal work to achieve gender equality in the labor market. [Some of the content on this page has been created by AI]

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Public-private sector wage gap by gender in Egypt: Evidence from quantile regression on panel data, 1998–2018, World Development, November 2020, Elsevier,
DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105060.
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