What is it about?

Species of the genus Garcinia have been the source of many benzophenone and xanthone derivatives. Recent data regarding potent biological properties of natural compounds in Garcinia species led us to investigate the in vitro anti-inflammatory effect of three known xanthones, lichexanthone (1), 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone (2), 1,3,5,6-tetrahydroxyxanthone (3), two new xanthones 1-hydroxy-3,6,7-tri-O,O,O-triprenylxanthone (4), 1,6-dihydroxy-3,7-di-O,O-diprenylxanthone (5) and two benzophenones isoxanthochymol (6), guttiferone E (7), isolated from Garcinia nobilis and Garcinia punctata. The Griess assay was used for the measurement of nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW264.7 macrophages and the ferrous oxidation-xylenol orange assay was used to determine the 15-lipoxygenase (15-LOX) inhibitory activity. All the compounds had inhibitory effect on 15-LOX activity to different extents. Compound (7) had the highest anti-LOX activity with an IC50 value of 43.05 μg/mL. At the highest studied concentration (25 μg/mL), compound (4) had the most potent inhibitory activity against NO release with a% of inhibition of 95.42% and less cytotoxic effect on RAW264.7 cells (% of cell viability of 81.40).

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Why is it important?

The results presented here suggest that 1,3,5,6-tetrahydroxyxanthone (3) and guttiferone E (7) are promising inhibitors of NO production and 15-LOX activity. Further studies should be considered in order to elucidate the mechanism by which these compounds exert their inhibitory activities.


Writing this article was a great pleasure as it has co-authors with whom I have had long standing collaborations. This article also lead to rare disease groups contacting me and ultimately to a greater involvement in rare disease research.

Professor Alain Meli Lannang

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Anti-inflammatory activity of benzophenone and xanthone derivatives isolated from Garcinia (Clusiaceae) species, Phytochemistry Letters, December 2015, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.phytol.2015.10.003.
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