Trends in Caffeine Use and Association between Clinical Outcomes and Timing of Therapy in Very Low Birth Weight Infants

  • Nicole R. Dobson, Ravi M. Patel, P. Brian Smith, Devon R. Kuehn, Jennifer Clark, Shilpa Vyas-Read, Amy Herring, Matthew M. Laughon, David Carlton, Carl E. Hunt
  • The Journal of Pediatrics, May 2014, Elsevier
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.12.025

Caffeine Use in Preterm Infants

What is it about?

This study examined the use of caffeine in preterm infants weighing less than 1.5 kilograms at birth. The study found caffeine use increased from 1997 to 2010. In addition, the study found earlier initiation of caffeine was associated with better respiratory outcomes.

Why is it important?

Caffeine is one of the most commonly used medications in preterm infants. Understanding how to optimize its use may yield additional benefits.

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The following have contributed to this page: Dr Ravi Mangal Patel