What is it about?

Integrating human needs and desires into the design process has long been a crucial aim of design research. Despite advancements, architectural design still often overlooks the diverse dimensions of human experiences. In this context, the recent development of affordable and mobile brain-imaging devices using electroencephalography (EEG) presents an opportunity for a new approach to human-centered architectural design, especially in combination with virtual reality (VR).

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Why is it important?

Despite existing EEG/VR studies in architecture, a comprehensive review of the methods used to translate EEG data into architectural design is lacking. This article presents a systematic review of empirical studies that use EEG in VR and investigate the impact of designed environments on users. The data analysis was performed qualitatively and is presented in summary-of-findings tables. The results indicate that in all reviewed studies, the framing environments affect specific brain regions and support different physiological, psychological, and cognitive functions.


The study underscores the crucial role of design in shaping the everyday experiences in technologically developed civilizations. Good design could significantly contribute to enhancing the quality of life for both individuals and communities.

Dr. Claudia Westermann
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Virtual reality and electroencephalography in architectural design: A systematic review of empirical studies, Journal of Building Engineering, May 2024, Elsevier,
DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2024.108611.
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