What is it about?

The scaffolding of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) makes DNA molecules effective templates for hosting various types of nanomaterials. Recently, electrospun fibres formed by a variety of polymers have begun to see use in a number of applications, such as filtration in energy applications, insulation in thermodynamics and protein scaffolding in biomedicine. In this study, we constructed electrospun fibres and thin films made of DNA and cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTMA)-modified DNA (CDNA) embedded with dyes, organic light-emitting materials (OLEMs), and gold nanorods (GNRs).

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Why is it important?

These materials provide significant advantages, including selectivity of dimensionality, solubility in organic and inorganic solvents, and functionality enhancement. In addition, coaxial fibres made of CDNA were constructed to demonstrate the feasibility of constructing relatively complex fibres with an electrospinner. To determine the basic physical characteristics of the fibres and thin films containing GNRs and OLEMs, we conducted current measurements, photoluminescence (PL) measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectroscopy. The currents in DNA and CDNA were found to exhibit Ohmic behaviour, while the PL emission could be controlled by OLEMs. In addition, the XPS provided the chemical configuration of samples, and the UV–Vis spectra revealed the plasmon resonance of GNR.


Due to their simple fabrication and enhanced functionality, these DNA and CDNA fibres and thin films could be used in various devices (e.g., filters or blocking layers) and sensors (e.g., gas detectors and bio sensors) in a number of industries.

Dr. Sitansu Sekhar Nanda
Myongji University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Fibres and films made from DNA and CTMA-modified DNA embedded with gold nanorods and organic light-emitting materials, Colloids and Surfaces B Biointerfaces, March 2022, Elsevier,
DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2021.112291.
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