A review on Jatropha curcas
What is it about?
This text presents a review on the features and technological achievements obtained with J. curcas until 2009. This review covers the (i) agronomy, (ii) oil production, (iii) alkyl ester production, (iv) biofuel features, (v) toxicity, (vi) plant breeding, and (vii) crop expansion of J. curcas.
Why is it important?
Since the ratification of the Kyoto protocol, a significant effort has been made worldwide to boost biofuels with the expectation of a positive contribution to renewable fuel and greenhouse gas reduction. The initial recommendations were generally not acted upon except in some particular cases, such as Brazil and Vietnam. The positive contribution of first generation biofuels has been challenged because they rely on limited arable land availability, they need substantial energy inputs, and they compete with wildlife and food crops. However, bioethanol and biodiesel proved their compatibility with existing technologies and prepared the transition to second and third generation biofuels.
The following have contributed to this page: Nicolas Carels