What is it about?
We evaluated the relationship between opium consumption and bladder cancer (BC) in a case-control study.
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Why is it important?
Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and the ninth most common in women in the Western world ; it is the 12th leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States, with an age-adjusted yearly incidence of 17 per 100,000. In 2002, an estimated 56,500 new transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cases and 12,600 TCC deaths were recorded. Tobacco smoking, chemical carcinogens, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic amines, some anticancer drugs, such as phosphoramide mustards, and schistosomiasis infection in endemic areas have been associated with risk of BC.
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This page is a summary of: Opium consumption and risk of bladder cancer: A case-control analysis, Urologic Oncology Seminars and Original Investigations, November 2010, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2008.10.016.
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