What is it about?

This study demonstrates that the psychometric validation of SDS, EPQ, and SCLS in a Saudi Arabian context maintains internal consistency. The number of extracted factors matched the number of subscales in each of the original questionnaires. EPQ only generated three-factor solutions from the initial four. All of the scales and subscales of the questionnaires yielded favorable perceptions.

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Why is it important?

The translated three simulation instruments created by NLN were found reliable and valid among a cohort of Arabic-speaking nursing students. besides Saudi Arabia, 24 Arabic-speaking countries account for 319 million people. Nursing students in these countries can use our instrument to explore their simulation learning experiences, adapting it to their cultural and educational needs.


The adoption of a sound, valid, and reliable instrument to assess one of the most essential and valuable teaching and learning tools, simulation, is clearly regarded as a significant achievement in nursing education. It is vital that an instrument be translated into the learners' native language to assess the instruments’ intended purpose effectively. Moreover, the translation process should not be haphazard. It should have included sophisticated statistical operations and procedures to ensure that an instrument is reliable and valid. Having a valid and trustworthy simulation instrument, not just one, but three distinct yet comparable in many ways can enhance the simulation experience by helping the nursing students determine what learning outcomes should be attained and how. When these three NLN Arabic-version tools are utilized as a guide, the nurse educator may successfully analyze and resolve misunderstandings and unclear concepts throughout the simulation process.

Dr. Daniel Joseph E. Berdida
University of Santo Tomas

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Psychometric validity of the Arabic versions of the Simulation Design Scale, Educational Practices Questionnaire, and the Students Satisfaction and Self-Confidence in Learning Scale among Saudi nursing students, Teaching and Learning in Nursing, April 2022, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.teln.2022.01.010.
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