What is it about?

Exercise is an effective treatment for osteoarthritis. However, the effect may vary from one patient to another. We have combined the results from 77 studies of 6472 participants with knee or hip osteoarthritis to see which factors can influence who will experience improvements in their pain, function, performance and quality of life when undertaking 8 weeks of exercise.

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Why is it important?

We found in this study that in people with knee or hip osteoarthritis 8 weeks of exercise can have moderate but significant benefits for pain and function. However, these benefits then gradually decrease, to be no better than usual care at 9-18 months. People who were younger and not waiting for knee replacement were also more likely to benefit from exercise therapy.


Long-term adherence to exercise therapy programmes is important to maintain the benefits of exercise in improving osteoarthritis pain and function.

Dr Joanne Stocks
University of Nottingham

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Efficacy and potential determinants of exercise therapy in knee and hip osteoarthritis: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, May 2019, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.rehab.2019.04.006.
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