What is it about?

Why and how planning for affordable housing has been used in England and not in Portugal.

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Why is it important?

The paper explains divergence in the adoption of planning obligations for affordable housing as the result of different but interdependent causes: path dependency, ideology and planning cultures


In England, the use of Section 106 in planning agreements to secure affordable housing as a proportion of new developments has received mixed reactions: at times considered a successful public value-capture tool while, at others, as a neoliberal policy that is not generating the expected results.

Sónia Alves
Universidade de Lisboa

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This page is a summary of: Divergence in planning for affordable housing: A comparative analysis of England and Portugal, Progress in Planning, December 2020, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.progress.2020.100536.
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