What is it about?
In the present work, 3-phenyl-1-propanol is proposed as a new collector for coal flotation in a low-rank carbonaceous mineral containing 2.0% of carbon and basic groups predominantly on the surface. Hydroxyl and carbonyl groups, as well as unsaturated carbon chains, were identified by FT-IR. Microflotation tests were conducted to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of the collector proposed with the one obtained using kerosene, diesel and 1-butylamine. Results show that the highest coal recovery is obtained with 3-phenyl-1-propanol. Mineral has a negative zeta potential in the pH range 2–13, but it does not show an isoelectric point. Furthermore, the zeta potential is modified by the collector. After conditioning, signals corresponding to the collector were identified in the mineral surface by FT-IR. A Box-Behnken experimental design was used for optimization of mineral Recovery and Clean Coal Recovery by flotation. Results showed that pH has not a significant effect on the mineral Recovery, however flotation time and volume of 3-phenyl-1-propanol have a significant direct effect. Optimal conditions for mineral Recovery were pH 8.5 and 84.5 µL of collector for 0.5 g of mineral. For Clean Coal Recovery; pH, flotation time and volume of 3-phenyl-1-propanol have a significant effect. Optimal conditions were pH 4.0, flotation time 2.5 min and 87.9 µL of collector for 0.5 g of mineral.
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Why is it important?
In this research, the high efficiency of 3-phenyl-1-propanol as a low-rank carbon collector for frtoh flotation is demonstrated. This constributes to new reagents for separation technologies in the coal processing industry.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Coal flotation in a low-rank carbonaceous mineral using 3-phenyl-1-propanol as a collector reagent, Fuel, November 2021, Elsevier, DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2021.121363.
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