What is it about?

This study used a simulation methodology for dam break analysis and flood simulation in an urbanized arid region, namely Um Al-Khair dam in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The analysis was performed using the 2011 rainfall storm of 111 mm and 281 min duration. The results show that the rainfall depth corresponds to a return period between 50 and 100 years.

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Why is it important?

This study could be considered as a benchmark for the simulation of dam beach in arid the region, especially in SA since most studies in SA focused on the hydrological and morphological aspects rather than the hydraulic aspects. The simulation results can be useful to study the consequences of dam break in any city in SA, and therefore, preventive measures can be made beforehand to minimize the consequences.

Perspectives

I hope that this work will find its way to the authorities to make good use of its methodology and results for the benefits of this country and the world.

Prof. Ahmed Kamis
King Abdulaziz University

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This page is a summary of: Dam break analysis and flood disaster simulation in arid urban environment: the Um Al-Khair dam case study, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Natural Hazards, December 2019, Springer Science + Business Media, DOI: 10.1007/s11069-019-03836-5.
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