A Review on Biodegradation and Toxicity Methods: Risk Assessment, Standards, and Analyses

  • Abdullah M. El Mahdi, Hamidi A. Aziz
  • October 2017, Springer Science + Business Media
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7425-2_18

Biodegradation and Toxicity Methods

Photo by Alex Kondratiev on Unsplash

Photo by Alex Kondratiev on Unsplash

What is it about?

This chapter provides a general overview of the biodegradability, standard, and test method and focuses on standards and guidelines for toxicological testing. Some test methods are given. Several methods for evaluating the toxicity and biodegradability of hazardous chemical pollutants have been reviewed in this work.

Why is it important?

Although no-one would disagree that some chemicals carry significant benefits to humanity—through their use in healthcare, for example—unfortunately, some chemicals have harmful impacts on human health and the ecological system and we still don’t know enough about their long-term effects. The majority are used without proper tests being carried out on the effects of its toxic on health and the environment. Hazardous chemicals are found in the tissue of nearly every individual on Earth and exposure to them has been related to several diseases and the increasing incidence of some of these conditions, and continued exposure to a blend of these chemicals is alarming.


Dr Abdullah M El Mahdi
Arabian Gulf Oil Company (AGOCO)

Toxicity and Biodegradation Testing is primarily focused toward the environmental sciences researcher, while the range of techniques also provides an introduction to biodegradation and toxicology methods of chemicals. I hope this article makes what people might think is a boring, slightly abstract area like chemical risks in our planet and measuring things like health, kind of interesting and maybe even exciting. Because the way we spend money on health and social care is not just a problem for the surrounding environment to worry about - it is an issue that touches every single human being on this planet in one way or another.

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The following have contributed to this page: Dr Abdullah M El Mahdi