Extra-articular bone tunnel repair model
What is it about?
Tendon-bone interface healing using an injectable rhBMP-2-containing collagen gel in a rabbit extra-articular bone tunnel model
Why is it important?
This study examines the hypothesis that injectable collagen gel can be an effective carrier for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2)'s localization to the healing tendon-bone interface. In 36 mature New Zealand White rabbits, the upper long digital extensor tendon was cut and inserted into the proximal tibial bone tunnel. Then a rhBMP-2-containing collagen gel was injected into the tendon-bone tunnel interface, using a syringe. Histological and biomechanical assessments of the tendon-bone interface were conducted at 3 and 6 weeks after implantation. In vitro testing showed that the semi-viscous collagen gel at room temperature was transformed into a firm gel state at 37°C. The rhBMP-2 release profile showed that rhBMP-2 was released from the collagen gel for more than 28 days. In vivo testing showed that fibrocartilage and new bone are formed at the interface at 6 weeks after injection of rhBMP-2. On radiography, spotty calcification appeared and enthesis-like tissue was produced successfully in the tendon at 6 weeks after injection of rhBMP-2. Use of the viscous collagen gel and rhBMP-2 mixture increased the fusion rate between the bone tunnel and tissue graft.
The following have contributed to this page: Dr. Kwang il Lee
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