Picolinamides as Effective Ligands for Copper-Catalysed Aryl Ether Formation: Structure-Activity Relationships, Substrate Scope and Mechanistic Investigations

Carlo Sambiagio, Rachel H. Munday, Stephen P. Marsden, A. John Blacker, Patrick C. McGowan
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, October 2014, Wiley
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201404275

What is it about?

The use of picolinic acid amide derivatives as an effective family of bidentate ligands for copper-catalysed aryl ether synthesis is reported. A fluorine-substituted ligand gave good results in the synthesis of a wide range of aryl ethers. Even bulky phenols, known to be very challenging substrates, were shown to react with aryl iodides with excellent yields using these ligands. At the end of the reaction, the first examples of end-of-life Cu species were isolated and identified as CuII complexes with several of the anionic ligands tested. A preliminary mechanistic investigation is reported that suggests that the substituents on the ligands might have a crucial role in determining the redox properties of the metal centre and, consequently, its efficacy in the coupling process. An understanding of these effects is important for the development of new efficient and tunable ligands for copper-based chemistry.

Read Publication


The following have contributed to this page: Carlo Sambiagio and Dr Carlo Sambiagio