What is it about?

1. The result shows that the calculated pooled concentration of fluoride was 2.1267 mg/L (1.650, 2.604) at 95% CI in groundwater of the study areas. 2. The climatic conditions and lithological composition are the key controlling factors for groundwater fluoride contamination. 3. Regarding fluorosis in selected regions, children (78%) are more vulnerable than the adults (23%) group.

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Why is it important?

This work gives a worldwide picture of fluoride contamination in freshwater.


Writing this article was a great pleasure as it has co-authors with whom I have had long-standing collaborations. This article shows the global picture of fluoride contamination in freshwater.

Associate Professor & Research Fellow Md. Shajedul Islam
University of Rajshahi

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This page is a summary of: Meta‐analysis and risk assessment of fluoride contamination in groundwater, Water Environment Research, February 2021, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/wer.1508.
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