What is it about?
A one-dimensional longitudinal mixing model for an oxidation ditch with a moving symmetrical boundary and a series model for a symmetric aeration mixing unit of an aeration tank were developed in this study.the dynamic mixing models could be used to analyze their mixing processes and optimize the geometric shape of tank as well as the condition of completely mixing for higher efficiency of organic pollutants degradation reaction, such as that analyzed in the study, and also improve the evaluation of the impact of high organic load or hydraulic load during the running process.
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Why is it important?
Although the oxidation ditch and aeration tank as a bioreactor have been widely employed in the wastewater treatment processes for the degradation of organic pollutants all along, but their mixing process and equivalence of biochemical reaction of both bioreactors were not analyzed theoretically.In general engineering, the water in both oxidation ditch and aeration tank are equally assumed complete mixing status without theoretical calculation and analysis. The calculation and analysis of the water mixing structure and mixing process is importment for the comparision and selection of oxidation ditch and aeration tank in the analysis of biochemical reaction efficiency during the design process, and improve the evaluation of the impact of high load during the running process by calculation and analysis of water mixing processes
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This page is a summary of: Dynamic mixing models and analysis of the mixing processes for an oxidation ditch and an aeration tank, Water Environment Research, June 2022, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/wer.10742.
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A Sludge-Water Mixing Model of Anaerobic 3 Reactors with Confined Sludge
The sludge-water mixture in anaerobic reactors with confined sludge, such as the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) 6 with anaerobic sludge confined in a sludge bed and the internal reflux packed-bed anaerobic reactor with anaerobic sludge attached to a 7 filler, can be mixed according to the designed hydraulic dynamic process. In this study, sludge-water mixing models of an UASB and an 8 internal reflux packed-bed anaerobic reactor were established and validated using test models reported in the literature. The sludge-water 9 mixing in the UASB consists of an advective diffusion unit and a water complete mixing output unit connected in series. The sludge10 water mixing and reaction of the internal reflux packed-bed anaerobic reactor achieved that of a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) in 11 large-scale reflux transport mode with cycle time as the mixing time scale. The internal mixing pattern, complete mixing time, and the 12 volume participating in complete mixing were obtained for the UASB test with hydraulic retention time ðHRTÞ ¼ 5, 6, 8, and 10 h by 13 model calculation to analyze the sludge-water mixing process. Its mixing achieved that of a CSTR under higher hydraulic load, and that 14 of a series connected two-stage CSTR in advective diffusion mode under lower hydraulic load. The model analysis for the reported 15 4 internal reflux packed-bed anaerobic reactor with HRT ¼ 72, 48, 24, 12, 6, and 0.25 days showed that there existed mixing time scales 16 shorter than the minimum reflux cycle time adopted in the test, in which the transport of the reflux alone made the sludge-water mixing 17 and reaction stably equivalent to that of a CSTR. Both test reactors achieved CSTR at a lower mixing intensity with a velocity of 18 0.40–0.80 m=h and complete mixing time scale of 1.0–1.9 h for the UASB and an available velocity of 5.0 m=h and complete mixing 19 time scale of 0.15 h for the internal reflux packed-bed anaerobic reactor. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0002049. © 2022 American 20 Society of Civil Engineers.
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