What is it about?
Choosing sites for wind farms involves a trade-off between total power generation and variability; sites that can produce the most wind power may also have highly variable wind output. By selecting wind sites across a large region, the variability can be reduced while also providing high total power.
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Why is it important?
Wind energy is variable, and this is a challenge for electricity systems. By spreading out wind farms across a region, wind energy can become more reliable.
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This page is a summary of: Optimizing wind farm siting to reduce power system impacts of wind variability, Wind Energy, March 2019, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/we.2328.
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