What is it about?
Extreme ocean weather near the polar regions often takes place in cold air outbreaks, when dry and cold air masses from over sea ice migrate over open ocean. When the cold air is heated from below by the warmer ocean, the air will rise, which again can lead to small cyclones developing. Here I show that cold air outbreaks generally lead to stronger winds.
Photo by Marius Fiskum on Unsplash
Why is it important?
Strong winds over the ocean are very dangerous and have led to thousands of shipwrecks and deaths in near-polar regions. I've shown that strong winds are more likely during cold air outbreaks. This can give forecasters a chance to warn fishermen and other people with activities in these regions, potentially saving lives.
Read the Original
This page is a summary of: Higher ocean wind speeds during marine cold air outbreaks, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, June 2017, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/qj.3068.
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