What is it about?

Using three household surveys spanning over the period 1981 until 2015, this paper concludes that rural consumption inequality in Egypt had slightly fallen from the beginning of the Mubarak era toward its end, but slightly rose again in the post-Mubarak era. However, real consumption expenditure had fallen in most expenditure brackets throughout the whole period with the exception of some small-sized brackets at the very top and bottom tails of the distribution.

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Why is it important?

The study is the first of its kind to examine the developments in rural consumption inequality and real rural consumption expenditure in Egypt over such a long period. Moreover, it provides some methodological caveats on why actual rural inequality in Egypt may be underestimated.


For those who want a cursory glance on the levels of well-being in rural Egypt during the past decades, this is the right paper to read

Prof. Heba Ezzeldin Helmy
October University for Modern Sciences and Arts

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Are Rural Egyptians Better Off? Trends in Inequality and Real Consumption Expenditure in Rural Egypt, Poverty & Public Policy, September 2019, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/pop4.252.
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