What is it about?

Workaholism across European and Asian cultures during the Covid 19 pandemic. Abstract The current cross-cultural study examined workaholism across European and Asian cultures during the pandemic caused by COVID-19. A total of 2617 recipients aged 18–70 years from Asia and Europe completed a questionnaire aimed at showing the modifications of workaholism in a pandemic. The study included representatives of three Asian countries (China, India, and Indonesia) with higher levels of collectivistic values compared to samples from three European countries (Bulgaria, Germany, and Hungary) believed to have higher individualistic values. The participants completed the online version of the two-dimensional measure—dubbed the Dutch Workaholism Scale (DUWAS). The goal of the study was to demonstrate that even in a pandemic, created by the emergence of a life-threatening agent (COVID-19), the cultural context changes workaholism. The results were processed with SPSS-25 and the analysis of the data confirmed the validity of our initial assumptions. The results led to the conclusion that the way in which the COVID-19 crisis affects workaholism and workaholics-behavior depends on cultural and gender differences, and stages of the human life cycle. The data analysis reveals that cultural differences and gender affect the configuration of workaholism (WE/WC) in such a way that in the Asian sample, unlike the European, there is a significant increase in the level of Workaholism Compulsive. Along with cultural context, and gender differences, age also influences the configuration of workaholism. In this case, the separate stages of the human life cycle contribute in different ways to changes in levels of Workaholism Excessive and Workaholism Compulsive

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Why is it important?

This study is important because it shows' that even during pandemic cultural values determine to some extent the intensity of work motivation and behavior. Also, gender along with age proved factors that contributed to an understating of workaholic behavior.


This was a cross-cultural study brought about as a result of international cooperation led by professor Krum Krumov. Work motivation is important as it relates to innovation and outputs in a society. The study has laid the basis for future cooperation as we seek to understand work motivation. Also the results showed that even during a pandemic it is possible to have predictive outcomes in cross-cultural research.

Knud Larsen
Oregon State University

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Workaholism across European and Asian cultures during the COVID‐19 pandemic, PsyCh Journal, November 2021, Wiley,
DOI: 10.1002/pchj.501.
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