What is it about?

Although lobbying is integral to democratic politics, it challenges the policy making process as the risks and opportunities associated with policy change are large. Lobbying regulations, belonging to the social regulations fold, have been observed as symbolic in Israel and are diluted by tricky gaps.

Featured Image

Why is it important?

Recent research has used data from Centre of Public Integrity in order to theoretically classify different regulatory environments. The CPI measures only what the law says, but it does not take into account the dilution effect by not measuring the application of the law. This leaves us with a distorted picture as the method ignores the possible symbolic politics interaction in the social regulations area.


Research is needed to see whether this institutional failure in modern societies that Matten (2003) observed in the environmental politics area, invites symbolic action in the whole area of social regulations, being triggered by the need to ascertain government’s commitment to certain public values. One should research the relation of the symbolic politics with the social regulations as a possible reason for the reoccurring legislative void and to review the theoretical classification of the different regulatory environments in order to view the lobbying regulations laws world-wide so that takes into account the diluting effect of the loopholes.

Mr Albert Veksler
Dublin Institute of Technology

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Diluted regulations-a need to review the theoretical classification of the different lobbying regulatory environments, Journal of Public Affairs, November 2013, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/pa.1495.
You can read the full text:



The following have contributed to this page