What is it about?

Objective: This review aims to identify non-medical interventions that may reduce the fear of childbirth, directly or indirectly (through its factors). Methods: This review followed the PRISMA guidance and a rigorous protocol that was registered in PROSPERO. Searches were done in ProQuest, the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and Google Scholar. All RCTs published in the last 5 years, in English or Spanish, regarding women with a low-risk pregnancy and without mental disorders were included. Results: From 5147 articles found, only 69 were full-text assessed. Finally, 18 studies were included suggesting that prenatal education, psychoeducation, and counseling might be effective, whereas cognitive-behavioral therapy and some alternative therapies require more research. The results of relaxation techniques were contradictory. Results also suggest that social support and exposure (through education) might have an important role in the efficacy of interventions. Conclusions: More appropriately randomized and blinded trials are necessary that use a prespecified definition of fear of childbirth and comprehensive measurement tools specific for pregnant women.

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This page is a summary of: Psychological, educational, and alternative interventions for reducing fear of childbirth in pregnant women: A systematic review, Journal of Clinical Psychology, October 2020, Wiley,
DOI: 10.1002/jclp.23071.
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