What is it about?

Thymus species are amongst the most popular medicinal plants because of their biological effects and pharmacological properties, and they are widely used in folk medicine for many disorders. Fourteen ecotypic Thymus kotschyanus essential oils were isolated, and the biological functionalities of ecotypic oils were characterized in terms of free radical scavenging and antigenotoxic properties.

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Why is it important?

The benefits of T. kotschyanus essential oils from different regions vary, and they represent an inexpensive source of natural substances that have the potential to be used as antioxidative and antigenotoxic agents. Although the impacts of microenvironment, climate difference, and agronomical condition on the medical benefits of the plant were complex and highly context dependent, some correlations among the biological effects, main essential constituents, and the geographical environment were predicted.

Perspectives

Variation in the biological activities of the ecotypic genus will reflect the ecological conditions and environmental factors affecting the chemical composition of essential oils and may exhibit variations in the medicinal properties. Here, we highlight and emphasize the potential impacts of these expected climate variations on the chemical composition of the ecotypic essential oils of T. kotschyanus and demonstrate biological diversity in their antioxidative and antigenotoxic behaviors. We also describe quantitative methods concerning antioxidation and antigenotoxicity for the first time. We hope the present study will promote research in this field.

Professor Seyed Abbas Mirzaei

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This page is a summary of: Diversity and ecotypic variation in the antioxidant and antigenotoxic effects ofThymus kotschyanusBoiss & Hohen, Flavour and Fragrance Journal, July 2016, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/ffj.3333.
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