What is it about?

The representation of women is increasingly becoming important for firms, not merely on humanitarian grounds but also due to its widespread benefits, especially in terms of Green Innovation. However, these benefits are contingent upon the type of institutional environment in which the firm operates. Industry affiliation is one such factor that shapes the behavior of firms due to the plethora of institutional pressures enticed by coercive, mimetic, and normative isomorphisms as explained by the famous neo-institutional theory.

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Why is it important?

The indiscriminate exclusion/inclusion of women in the top echelons is an inefficient and often counter-productive phenomenon. This research put gender diversity in its appropriate and optimal framework for its contribution to firms' non-financial performance.


The delineation of women's representation on corporate boards, in terms of industry affiliation underpinned by institutional isomorphism, unveils the previously inconclusive impact of gender diversity on the green innovation of firms. It put the advocacy in its proper place for its benefits and throughput.

Khwaja Naveed
Open Universiteit Nederland

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This page is a summary of: Board gender diversity and corporate green innovation: An industry‐level institutional perspective, Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, September 2022, Wiley,
DOI: 10.1002/csr.2386.
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