What is it about?

One of the basic principles of school guidance states that guidance is for all students. However, certain factors can it difficult for guidance services to be delivered to benefit of all students. We interviewed some teacher trainees and counselors to understand factors which influence the delivery of guidance services in colleges of education. We found that material resources, awareness, confidentiality and attitude influenced guidance service delivery in the colleges. Only human resource factors were found not to influence guidance service delivery in the colleges studied.

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Why is it important?

Effective guidance service delivery could help meet the needs of teacher trainees, make them function fully, and help them to gain sound and positive mental health which can influence their service quality when they become fully fledged teachers. But factors influencing school guidance service delivery could negatively impact service quality and thus deny trainees the desired outcomes. Their guidance needs may not be met if the factors which influence service delivery are not identified and their negative impacts mitigated.


Writing this article was intriguing not only because it afforded me the opportunity to work with two of my long standing collaborators but also because the insights gained are illuminating. The article sheds light on factors influencing guidance service delivery in an emerging economy context and brings into sharp focus the nuances in guidance practice in the developed and developing worlds. Hopefully, this should generate interest in guidance and counselling research in lesser known contexts.

University of Ghana

Read the Original

This page is a summary of: Using phenomenography to unearth factors influencing the delivery of guidance services, Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, July 2022, Wiley, DOI: 10.1002/capr.12565.
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